The periodic table is a table that presents a list of 118 chemical elements. The table provides main information about a chemical element; symbol and atomic number..
Periodic Table Printable With Everything
What is Periodic Table?
The periodic table is a table that presents a list of 118 chemical elements. The table provides main information about a chemical element; symbol and atomic number.
In general, the periodic table of elements has four parts; blocks s, p, d, and f. The blocks are based on atomic orbital spectroscopic lines. So, blocks are elements that are grouped based on the atomic orbitals of the valence electrons. Each block has its own name as follows.
- s: sharp (groups 1 and 2)
- p: principal
- d: diffuse
- f: fundamental
The s block is elements in groups 1 and 2. The p block is on the right side of the periodic table (groups 13-18), except Helium (s block). Block d is all the elements in groups 3-12. The f block is the elements at the bottom of the periodic table (lanthanides and actinides).
What is The Basis for Creating The Periodic Table?
The basis for creating the periodic table is the atomic number (the number of protons in the atomic nucleus), not the mass number. That is the basis for creating the modern periodic table that we know today.
The periodic table was first created by Dmitri Mendeleev. However, Henry Moseley updated it. So, the periodic table used today is Henry Moseley's periodic table.
The periodic table is also organized by electron configurations and properties. To recognize chemical elements based on their atomic number, electron configuration, and properties, you can look at them through blocks (s, p, d, f), periods, and groups.
We already discussed blocks in the section above. So, let's discuss periods and groups!
- Periods are elements arranged horizontally. The period provides information regarding the number of atomic shells filled with electrons. The total number of periods in the periodic table is 7.
- Groups are elements that are arranged vertically. Groups are arranged based on similarities in properties. The number of groups in the periodic table is 8. The eight groups consist of the main group (A) and transition group (B).
What is The Purpose of Using The Periodic Table?
The main purpose of creating the periodic table is to help researchers, especially chemists, to understand the properties of chemical elements in nature. The 118 elements on the periodic table can be easily found in nature. However, because of the diversity of properties, a periodic table is needed to examine all these elements.
Other purposes of using the periodic table are as follows.
- You can find the atomic number for various types of chemical elements.
- The periodic table can also be used to create chemical reactions. This is because the periodic table provides information about element names and symbols. These chemical reactions can also be made from electron configurations. Electronic configuration can be known from the atomic number.
How to Read The Periodic Table?
- Because the periodic table is arranged based on atomic number, read the periodic table from top left to bottom right. The right and bottom elements on the periodic table have large atomic numbers.
- Understand the grouping of elements based on groups and periods to differentiate one element from another. Each row is called a period and each column is called a group.
- Elements in one group have the same color. The same color indicates that the elements have the same physical and chemical properties. By understanding these properties, you can easily determine the chemical reactions of these elements.
- Color classification also explains the differences in the properties of metals, semimetals, and nonmetals. Metal elements are the elements on the right side of the table, nonmetal elements are on the left side of the table, and semimetal elements are in the middle of the table.
Printable Periodic Table with Element Names
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How to Memorize All The Elements on The Periodic Table?
You can be required to memorize the full elemental periodic table either as part of an assignment or just because you like to learn it. As a result, the following advice can be used to help you and the kids to remember the periodic table:
- Acquire the current table. Obtaining a periodic table for study is the starting point.
- Learning techniques. You must become familiar with the table once you've got it. The most effective method for you and your learning type will determine how you understand and remember the table, although the following suggestions can be useful:
- Divide the table into its parts. Viewing an organized list of the components may be useful. Instead of trying to memorize every element instantly, understand one group at a time, grasp that group, and afterward acquire the following group until you are familiar with the entire table.
- Distribute your memorization attempts. Spreading out the memory process across several rounds will help you recall the table lot easier than trying to memorize it all at once.
- Discover the components of a song. You can either hear a song written by others or write your own. If you retain knowledge better when hearing it rather than reading it, this is a good strategy.
- Create absurd words using the symbols for the elements. If you learn best by listening instead of seeing, this is another excellent method for learning the order of the components. As you practice writing the symbols on a blank table, come up with your pronunciations.
- Understand elemental groups by using color. Write the elements using various colored crayons or pens by each element group if you wish to memorize the element groups in combination with the element symbols and names.
- To help you recall the order of the elements, use a mnemonic device. The first letters or symbols of the elements can be combined to form a sentence that you can remember.
- Use the periodic table chemistry worksheet to determine your understanding of the various chemical elements.
So, with the various information and tips above, understanding the periodic table can be easy. Choose the periodic table printable you want and use it to understand the 118 chemical elements along with their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and similar properties!
Article written by Shasmitha Mutiara, last updated on Oct 11, 2023 and edited by Printablee Team.
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