You must have heard of memorials. Actually, what is it? So, memorials are a physical object that is used to commemorate something. The object is permanently builded in a certain place associated with the memory.
The size depends on the type of memorials. However, memorials are always inscribed with words or images used to identify certain individuals or beliefs. In addition, memorials are a physical representation of a character or individual made using granite.
Memorials have a purpose to connect between the future and the past. Memorials serve as a way to remember something. It has become one of the human ways to remember incidents or someone since thousands years ago. So, it can be said that memorials are closely related to the past and memories which have an impact on the emotional side of humans.
As previously explained, memorials are very emotional. So, emotion is the reason why personal memorials can be created. Well, why did that happen? To explain this, we will help you understand it in an easy way.
Have you ever felt that there is one situation that makes you remember an incident more clearly than others? You must also have experienced very intense emotions by remembering an incident. On the other hand, there are incidents that are difficult to remember. Well, those are related to emotional memories.
So, the human brain is similar to a computer. Its work is so amazing to remember all of the things. The brain processes thoughts, emotions, and reactions to an incident in autobiographical memory. The memory is responsible for remembering everything related to the individual and the environment. That is referred to as emotional memories.
So, emotions and feelings trigger the presence of reality in memory. That's what makes you able to remember an incident in several places you've been to. The incident is always related to your emotions and feelings. Without the emotion, the memory would not be remembered.
Well, that's the reason for the creation of memorials. So, the emotional significance of personal memorials is the main reason for creating memories. In the end, those memories are the reason for the creation of memorials. Although there are other factors that affect the performance of the brain's memory, the most important thing is emotion.
We are still talking about the human brain. Related to emotion and memory as discussed above, there are several parts of the brain that play a role in regulating emotions and memory.
The limbic system is a part of the brain that is responsible for regulating memory and emotions. The limbic system includes the amygdala, hypothalamus, and cingulate gyrus. However, there are still several other parts in that system.
After being processed in the limbic system, a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex will process all the information from an incident. The parts of the cerebral cortex are prefrontal, cerebellum, cingulate, and somatosensory. The hippocampus also plays an important role in this process because it is responsible for storing all processed information.
When the hippocampus is active, there are signals to recognize these incidents in the future. It makes the brain recall an incident related to our emotional memories.
A study conducted by scientists in 2017 showed that memories are one of the 27 main types of emotions that humans have. Memories can not only connect humans with the past, but also have great effects on the brain.
A psychologist, Sanam Hafeez, said that there are unique emotions that are felt when someone remembers a memory. We explain some of the unique effects and things that happen to the brain when remembering those memories.
A research published in the European Journal of Social Psychology in 2018 stated that memories can make a person avoid feelings of guilt and shame.
So, the more nostalgic people are, the less they are able to express past guilt. So, the journal's researchers explain that memories become a person's defense against negative feelings. On the other hand, it is used as a resource to improve the moral standing of the group.
A study conducted by the University of Surrey and the National Trust shows that when a person encounters an important memory, the brain's neurons will process the emotion. Another study conducted in 2016 explained that memory depends on two things. Both are past incidents and emotional significance.
The study was carried out with an MRI scan to get real results. When nostalgia is raised, the human brain will scan for activity in the memory area and in the positive response area.
It increases blood flow. Neurotransmitters will also be released into the body. It increases performance in areas that regulate positive emotional responses or feelings of happiness.
Memories can also change a person's habits. This is proven by a 2017 study. A research in Consumer Communication Reports shows that memories will change addiction and help someone stop smoking.
Research published in the Journal of Frontiers in Psychology in 2020 shows that happy memories can help a person heal from pain. So, memories increase your tolerance level for pain. In fact, it also has a good effect on people with chronic diseases.