When it comes to learning Chemistry lessons, we may have seen our teacher introduce us with a sheet of the grid that consists of many abbreviations as a symbol of the elements. Yes, we can call this a periodic table of ions.
Before we download the periodic table of irons, we actually need to understand the basic things inside the periodic table of ions. Yes, one of the things that is required to be understood in the beginning is the ions themselves. Well, there are two kinds of ions on the periodic table.
Actually, if an atom or atoms that have equal numbers of negative charge (electrons) and positive charge (proton), then they can be defined as a neutral atom. However, it is pretty normal to be found that there is an imbalance of the charge, whether the number of protons is higher or the number of electrons is higher.
The imbalance charge can be called ions. There are two kinds of ions in the periodic table of ions. They both are called cation and anion. The cation is where the positive charge (proton) has more amount than the electron. Then, if it is reversed, which means the amount of electrons is higher than the proton, we can call it anion.
When we download a periodic table of ions, we also need to know about how to determine an ion. Actually, we have discussed this before above. Actually, to understand the ion, we can see how the atoms lose their negative charge (electron).
If the ion loses the electron, this means that the negative charge is lesser than the positive charge (proton). So, the dominant charge of the certain ion is the proton. So, we can conclude that this ion has a positive charge and vice versa. When we gain more electrons, we can know that the amount of electrons is higher than the proton. So, this makes the ion have a negative charge.
When it comes to using periodic tables of ions, actually, it consists of elements that have certain ions. Actually, an element can also form ions too. For instance, elements in a category of metals originally create positive charged cations with a +2 charge. The transition metals actually can build many kinds of cations (more than one kind of cations, to be exact).