Color by number is a coloring activity integrated with mathematical activities. This activity can be adjusted according to the level or grade of the children, which starts from the easy coloring patterns for kids to seasonal themes that have more objects in the image.
Usually, color by number activity is used to improve skills in kindergarten and elementary school students, starting from grades 1-3. These activities are fun activities that can be done to start class and fill children's free time while at school.
First, print the color by number worksheets. Then, give the worksheets and markers or crayons to the children. Make sure that the markers or crayons are different colors. At least every child should get 7 kinds of colors such as red, black, pink, blue, yellow, green, and gray.
The children have to color the pictures according to the number written on the picture. So, it's not just a coloring activity, but also recognizing numbers and objects to fill in with color.
The color blending technique is an inseparable aspect of the color by number activity. The reason is, that children must understand color blending to complete the templates to color in harmony. For this reason, you have to give children a variety of colors.
By doing color blending, children will have good art, visual, and design skills. So, they can communicate with other people through visuals. In addition, children also understand color mixing.
To help them exercise their color senses, you can pick out coloring pages with specific subjects such as coloring with a season theme or Halloween color by number that has their favorite sweet spooky season.
That is what can make children have good creativity so they can create various ideas. With that creativity, children can complete the color by number activity perfectly because they understand balance and harmony in color composition.
So, that's why you should try the color blending technique by providing a variety of templates and patterns with themes to color.
Color by number not only makes children understand colors but also numbers. Therefore, children can get more benefits by doing these activities.
The first benefit that will be obtained by children by doing color by number activity is the introduction of numbers and colors. So, children can distinguish different types of colors and understand various kinds of numbers. Therefore, this method is also very good for helping children improve their numeracy skills.
In addition, the color by number method can also be applied to other lessons such as reading maps. That's because the concept of color by number is similar to a map. There are numbers and words that are codes to see which areas should be colored which covers the basic concept of a map.
When coloring, children must be able to balance the ability of their eyes and hands. Moreover, coloring using numbers requires high concentration. Children will learn to color various patterns.
Children will also have good language skills by doing color by number activity. They can get that benefit if you ask the children to describe their feelings after making the artwork.
According to an explanation from the American Art Therapy Association, coloring is one of the art therapies that can help children explore feelings and resolve the various emotional conflicts they feel. Finally, it helps them to understand themselves and manage various negative behaviors.
Meanwhile, based on the mental health website, HealthyPlace.com, color therapy is a therapeutic activity based on the premise that various colors can provide various kinds of responses for a person. There are several types of colors that provide stimulation to the brain. However, there are also some colors that are calming to the brain.
So, color has the ability to affect the level of emotion, energy, mood, and decision-making. For this reason, color can be a great way to heal children with mental disorders. An example is in hyperactive children, dyslexia, and aggressive behavior.
Color therapy or chromotherapy has actually been done for a long time. The Ancient Egyptians were the first to do this color therapy. They use a solarium chamber which is activated by sunlight. This creates colored glass that is used therapeutically.
One of the therapists from the New York Graduate Art Therapy Program also said that completing objects on paper with color is a fun therapeutic method that can make a person have good concentration and reduce anxiety.
In fact, a study conducted by the University of Otago explains that coloring has the same function as meditation. This research proves that coloring activities can reduce amygdala activity in the brain which makes a person always overthinking. In addition, coloring also affects changes in the brain waves.
For this reason, research conducted by Knox College Illinois also explains that children with anxiety disorders should do coloring activities for 20 minutes every day.
Meanwhile, research from the University of Otago explains that coloring activities can be done for 10 minutes to maintain mental health. So, doing coloring activities for 10-20 minutes can help reduce stress and anxiety in both children and adults.