The main cause of bad handwriting in children is problems with fine motor skills, motor-visual integration, and children's motor planning. This is because every child has different motor skills.
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What Causes Children's Bad Handwriting?
The main cause of bad handwriting in children is problems with fine motor skills, motor-visual integration, and children's motor planning. This is because every child has different motor skills. Those motor skills are related to writing, drawing, and holding objects. Motor skills require finger and hand movements.
Delays in children's fine motor development can prevent children from writing. This is because they cannot perform complex movements using their fingers and hands. Usually, it can happen because children do not do fine motor exercises regularly. Therefore, parents should teach children to do various activities to improve fine motor skills. Examples are coloring, drawing, holding a ball, and various other creative projects.
In addition, children have bad handwriting because they prefer various physical activities. This physical activity involves gross motor skills so they don't train their fine motor skills. In fact, those two types of skills are very important to develop.
Some children also experience development in certain areas. An example is children who have good verbal communication but cannot write well. This certainly has a negative impact on their writing ability. If children experience those problems, parents should immediately seek help and consult a doctor or therapist.
Children also have different sensorimotor abilities. There are children who have high sensorimotor abilities, but there are also children who have difficulty in sensory processing. Children who have low sensorimotor abilities do not have good sensitivity to smells, sights, and touch. Of course, this makes it difficult for them to write well.
How to Help Kids Improve Their Handwriting Skills?
In general, you can improve children's writing skills by providing them with the right writing tools, fun writing activities, and practice holding the pen. Here we provide some of the best tips to help children improve their writing skills.
- Use Lines: First, use lines to help children write straight and neat. You can use glue or paint to make the lines on the paper. If you use lined paper, thicken the lines using glue or paint.
- Use the Right Pencils: In addition, you also have to provide pencils or pens that are easy for children to use. With the right writing tools, children will be able to improve the quality of their handwriting.
- Reading: Reading is one way to improve the quality of writing. Therefore, you must teach children to read. They have to read every day.
What are Activities to Help Kids to Write Neatly?
Not only the methods above, but you need to teach the following activities to help children write neatly. So, here's how to help kids write neatly.
- Themed Handwriting: You can download themed handwriting worksheets and let the kids write on various objects according to the theme.
- Calligraphy: Calligraphy is the best way to teach children to write beautifully and neatly. You can use several calligraphy templates to help children do that.
- Trace and Copy: Use worksheets that provide various words that children can trace and copy.
- Write Stories: Ask the children to write stories with you. Not only will it help them to improve the quality of their writing, but it will also help them to understand the story-making process.
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How to Help Dysgraphia to Write?
Dysgraphia is a learning disorder that focuses on writing ability. Children with dysgraphia have poor handwriting that is difficult to read. Not only writing, but they also have difficulty finding the right words to communicate. Because they are difficult to write and communicate, they will not be confident.
Because it causes problems for children's activities, you need to do the following ways to help dysgraphia children to be able to write well.
- Warm Up Before Writing: Children with dysgraphia need to warm up before writing. Warming up the fingers will help to strengthen their finger muscles. So, they will move their fingers to write easily.
- Multisensory Practice: You can also focus on your muscles and hands through multisensory writing practice. You can use various items found around the house. Use a variety of multisensory materials such as clay, playdough, and colored sand. With those multisensory materials, children will be able to strengthen their finger and hand muscles. That will have a positive impact on the writing ability of children with dysgraphia.
- Telling stories: Actually, children with dysgraphia have difficulty organizing their thoughts and conveying information in written form. Therefore, helps their brains to be able to convey all this information through storytelling activities in chronological order, from beginning to end. So, you can ask them to share their daily activities. Teach them about story structures such as introduction, body, and conclusion.
- Use a Specific Type of Paper: When training children with dysgraphia to write, you need to change the type of paper used for writing. The use of plain or horizontal paper will make it difficult for them. Therefore, use papers that provide writing tools for children. An example is lined paper. Make sure that the paper can be used to adjust the spacing between letters and to write upper and lower case letters.
- Write the Big Letters: In addition, children with dysgraphia will write easily if they write the big letters. This is a method that therapists often use to treat people with dysgraphia. By writing big letters, they will understand the shape of letters.
Article written by Lestari Nur Aisah, last updated on Jun 14, 2022 and edited by Printablee Team.
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