In a simple , visual way, maps present information about the world. By showing the sizes and shapes of nations, locations of features, and distances between places, they teach about the world. Maps can show distributions of things, such as settlement patterns, across the Earth.
A world map is a map of most or all of the Earth's surface. World maps must deal with the problem of projection because of their scale. By necessity, maps rendered in two dimensions distort the display of the earth's three-dimensional surface. Whilst this is true of any map, in a world map, these distortions reach extremes. To present world maps that address various technical and aesthetic objectives, many techniques have been developed. It requires global knowledge of the earth, its oceans, and its continents to chart a world map. It would have been impossible to create an accurate world map from prehistory through the Middle Ages, as less than half of the coastlines of the Earth and only a small fraction of its continental interiors were known to any culture. Knowledge of the Earth's surface accumulated rapidly with exploration that began during the European Renaissance, so that most of the coastlines of the world were mapped by the mid-1700s at least and continental interiors by the 20th century.
You must download and install Classic Desktop Earth on your Windows , Mac or Linux computer. By making new Earth a web app (on Chrome, for now) it can be used on most computers including Chromebooks, without a download.
GraphAutha. This is the most accurate map projection in existence, hands down. In fact, AuthaGraph World Map is so perfect in proportion, it magically folds it into a globe of three dimensions. This projection was invented by Japanese architect Hajime Narukawa in 1999 by dividing a spherical surface equally into 96 triangles.
Anaximander was the earliest Greek known to have made a map of the world. He drew a map of the world that was then known in the 6th century BC, assuming the earth was cylindrical. Eratosthenes was the first Greek person to draw a world map using the assumption of a spherical earth.
From Martin Behaim.
In 1492, with the help of the painter Georg Glockendon, Martin Behaim (1459-1537) made the earliest existing terrestrial globe. Behaim was a mapmaker, navigator, and merchant from Germany. "He called his globe the" Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe, "working in Nuremberg , Germany. It is now known as the Erdapfel.